Seit September 2019 verfügt Civilization 6 auch über einen Battle Royale Modus, was zuvor als Aprilscherz gedacht war nahm unter den Entwicklern sehr schnell Fahrt auf und wurde als kostenloses. Hey Spuddies, Potatomcwhiskey today I'm going to be showing you a build order to guarantee a religion when you're playing on Deity Difficulty. Also, guide videos are not monetized on my channel.
About Steam Guides < 1 2 3 16 > Showing 1-9 of 139 entries. Zigzagzigal's Guides - Zulus (GS) by spread their religion efficiently, or even engage in elephant warfare. Here, I detail Indian strategies and counter-strategies - for both Gandhi and Chandragupta.... Zigzagzigal's Guides - Greece (GS) by Zigzagzigal. Greece has a good start, very strong culture and excellent diplomatic. Civilization 6 - Guide und Tipps für den besten Einstieg. Diese Dinge hätten wir bei unserer ersten Partie Civilization 6 liebend gern gewusst: Wir zeigen, was Anfänger in Civ 6 beachten. This guide is divided into multiple sections explaining how best to use and play against this specific civ. The Outline details the mechanics of how the civilization's unique features work and what their start bias is (assuming they have one at all).; The Victory Skew section describes to what extent the civ (and its individual leaders where applicable) are inclined towards particular victory. Civ 6 Tier List - Warlord Tier Civilizations. Kongo (Mvemba a Nzinga) Spain (Phillip II) Scythia (Tomyris) Scotland (Robert the Bruce) As we approach the bottom of the Civ 6 tier list, we're more likely to stumble on civilizations that don't offer anything particularly special. These four leaders come with bonuses already covered by. How to win a religious victory on Deity (step by step guide) Discussion in 'Civ6 - Strategy & Tips' started by DrCron, Feb 27, 2017. Page 1 of 3 1 2 3 Next > DrCron Prince. Joined: Dec 25, 2012 Messages: 355. It looks like Religious victories on deity are the hardest for several players, probably due to the unusual early game (unless you play with Saladin), so I decided to write a step by step.
Favalava's Meta : Religion Guide - Pantheon & Belief Tier Lists - Top Religion Builds : Final Draft. Close. 475. Posted by u/[deleted] 2 years ago. Archived. Favalava's Meta : Religion Guide - Pantheon & Belief Tier Lists - Top Religion Builds : Final Draft . 32 comments. share. save hide report. 95% Upvoted. This thread is archived. New comments cannot be posted and votes cannot be cast. Sort. The world of Civilization can be a bit intimidating if you haven't yet played any of the prior releases, or quite a bit has changed if you have, so sit back relax and read up on How To Play Civ 6; your guide to the basics on Politics, Espionage, War, Technology and Culture, as well as quite a few other things As a Pantheon/Religion progresses, it also acquires Beliefs---bonuses granted by that Religion. Note that: Once a Belief is chosen, it cannot be chosen again by any Religion. A Religion may only have up to one Belief of any category. Founding a Pantheon [edit | edit source] Accumulating 25 Faith (on Normal speed) allows a Civilization to found a Pantheon---a sort of proto-Religion. This allows. Civilization 6: Guide and Tips For All the Victory Conditions. There are so many ways to win in Civilization VI so this guide is going to give you some useful information to help make it easier to win. by ESpalding. One of the best things about the Civilization games, I find, is that there are so many ways to win. It's not as simple as yay! I've got all the army and I've. These adjacency bonuses are vital, so have a look at our Civ 6 district guide for more. With the district created, it's ready to be built in. Religious buildings like shrines and temples.
In Civ V if you took on another civ's religion, that could never become your religion. Does that still apply? Once you wipe out a civilization that founded a religion, that religion still exists. Civ 6 Arabia Strategies. Discussion. After finishing a guide to Greece nearly a month ago, I finally got around to sorting out one for Arabia. It's been tricky to put together because of all the stuff I kept having to go back and check along the way. Here's the key points of the guide: You can choose to push for religion or warfare early on. An early religion increases the chance of getting. Über viele Jahre hat diese Reihe von Sid Meier Spieler begeistert und auch Civ 6 hat einiges zu bieten. Auf dieser Seite stellen wir euch alle Fraktionen und deren Boni in Civilization 6 vor Leaders (Civ6) Edit. Classic editor History Talk (0) Share. Back to Civilization VI. Trajan Likes civilizations who follow the same Religion as him, and wants his cities to all follow the same Religion. Dislikes those who spread their Religion into his empire. Poundmaker. Cree. Favorable Terms. All Alliance types provide Shared Visibility. Trade Routes grant +1 . Food in the sending city.
This Guide to Religion in Civilization V Gods and Kings and Brave New World will teach you how the Religion gameplay mechanic works and provide tips to using it to your advantage. I'll cover how to get Faith and the process of Founding a Religion and spreading it through Religious Pressure. The formation of Religious Pantheons and the birth of Great Prophets are also explained, along with a. Wird es in Civ 6 auch die einzig wahre Religion geben? Also, ich meine natürlich die Pastafaris. Make DuckDuckGo great again! Fußball ist wie Schach - nur ohne Würfel! Jan Böhmermann I is more stronger than Darth Vapour! 22. August 2016, 18:02 #4. Walther. Profil Beiträge anzeigen Registrierter Benutzer Registriert seit 04.12.05 Beiträge 7.561. Nach dem editieren von irgendwelchen XML. Scoring a Religious Victory is pretty straightforward in Civ 6. All you have to do is convert over 50% of the cities in every other civilization in the game to your religion
In diesem ultimativen Guide zu Civilization 6 erfahrt ihr:. Wie ihr den optimalen Start hinlegt; Warum Bezirke so wichtig sind; Worauf ihr bei Kriegen achten müsst; Civilization 6 hat seinen Weg schon letztes Jahr auf die Nintendo Switch gefunden. Am 22. November 2019 erschien endlich die PS4- sowie Xbox One-Version von Civ 6, die mit vier zusätzlichen Zivilisationen ausgestattet ist 06. Nov Einsteiger-Guide: Tipps und Tricks für einen erfolgreichen Start; 25. Okt Cheats und Trainer für ein leichtes Spiel; 24. Okt Civilization 6: Nur noch eine Runde bitte, nur noch eine.
Border growth is a big deal in Civ 6 and over the course of the game Religious Settlements gets you a lot of free tiles over time. God of the Forge is great for early advantage, especially if you have an early UU, like the Aztecs, or need to counter an aggressive neighbor, like the Aztecs. Divine Spark is the clear choice for pursuing a culture victory or if you intend to build a lot of campuses In all my 20-odd years playing Civ games, this is a first for me. Civilization 6 is designed to make you fight.By playing as a pacifist, I wanted to see if it was possible to survive, abiding by a. Civilization 6 Guide: Which Civs Are The Best For Each Type Of Victory. By R Caraos, Oct 26, 2016 03:11 PM EDT. Civilization 6 features different victory types: Domination, Religion, Science and Culture. Find out which civ to choose for each type. (Photo : Photo by Sid Meier's Civilization/YouTube) There are five ways to win in Civilization 6. Players can achieve Victory by Score, Religion.
For this reason, it's highly recommended that while you are building your civilization early on you don't put resources into multiple areas, such as culture, religion, and a dominant military and. Civilization 6 features five different victory types: Score, Religious, Cultural, Science, and Domination. Civ 6 marks the first time the Religious victory makes an appearance, while the other victory types are Civ mainstays. So what do you need to know about the Domination victory in Civ 6?What tips and tricks will get you zooming towards first place Civilization 6 Strategien: Wichtige Tipps für die Endphase einer Runde. Civilization 6 Bezirke - Wie sie funktionieren, Boni, der beste Bauplatz. Zurück zu Civilization 6 Tipps, Tricks, Guide.
Started playing Civilization 6 on iOS but having a hard time getting a victory? Check out our beginner's guide of early game strategy with tips for getting choosing districts, research paths and more to carry your people to a victorious win.. Over the holidays, iOS gamers received a pretty spectacular gift, as a full port of Sid Meier's Civilization 6 debuted on iPad [Top 10] Civ 6 Best Aggressive Civ All civilizations have their warriors, but some are just simply better than others. There are many paths to victory in Civilization 6; some may choose the righteous path through religious zeal, others through diplomatic virtue and some through technological superiority Civilization 6 is an extremely complex game and you could easily write a huge novel trying to create a complete strategy guide. But with gamers having limited time (and probably interest) to read hundreds of pages, we'll try to sum things up in as few words as possible in our complete Civilization 6 guide that will help you win games. In this Civilization VI guide, we have tips, tricks and. Gilgamesh Strategies, Build Order, and Technologies Question. June 25, 2019. Add comment. 9 min read. Hey everyone, so I'm a huge nerd for mythology and legends and love the tale of Gilgamesh. So naturally when my friend showed me Civ 6 and Gilgamesh was a playable character I just had to buy the game. Now I haven't played Civ since Call to Power (a loooong time ago), so I read some guides. In Civilization VI, you'll be able to found a religion of your own once you've accumulated enough Faith amongst your people, and get a Great Prophet on your side. First off, Faith can be.
Zwischen Mai 2020 und März 2021 sollen 6 neue DLCs erscheinen. 8 Zivilisationen, 9 Anführer, 6 neue Spielmodi und mehr neue Inhalte sollen darin enthalten sein. Zum Diskussionsfaden . Abstimmung zur Story des Monats April 2020. 25.04.2020 - von Lord of the Civ. Eure Stimme zählt! Die Wahl zur 94. Story des Monats läuft und noch ist nichts entschieden! Bis zum 30.04. könnt ihr darüber. Civ 6's design strongly encourages use of military units as a means to victory.It's possible to win the game through a technological space race, or cultural / religious dominance. But these.
Other good Religion options: India, Spain, Georgia. Diplomacy. Best Civ: Canada. Ah, the black sheep of Civilization 6 victory conditions. In general, if you could win a diplomacy victory, you probably could have already won another way. That's neither here nor there, however: if you want to shoot for that diplomacy victory, Canada is your best. . Active 3 years, 6 months ago. Viewed 54k times 25. 2. I was late to the religion party, so my neighbour snuck in and converted all my cities to his religion. Now I seem to be unable get my own religion back. In the previous edition, I could use a Great Prophet, or just rely on my Holy City's strong pressure. Civilization 6 Tips How to Grow a City . 2016-12-21 by Anna Stepko 8136 views. The last time we've posted Civilization 6 tips we've mentioned the basics everyone must know to play Civilization 6. This time, we're about to help you discover the ways to grow a city in Civilization 6. Civilization 6 Cheats: Food. The more food you get the faster will your city grow. To make it work - build. Let's go over how to win a Diplomatic Victory in Civ 6 Gathering Storm. Let's start by explaining what it is, and what play-styles and civilizations have the best chance of pulling this win off In Civilization 6: Rise and Fall, Governors play a very important role which is almost game-changing. The guide will help you in getting the maximum amount of benefit from these Governors
Civilization 5 Religion Guide Pantheon Beliefs in G&K and BNW. Civ 5 Religion Guide - Gods & Kings and Brave New World; Converting & Religious Pressure: Pantheons: Founder Beliefs: Follower Beliefs: Enhancers: Reformation: Every Religion starts with a Pantheon Belief - a simple God they worship that lends early Cities a bonus. When choosing these, I almost always first look to the Terrain. Cheats und Tipps für Civilization 6 (Screenshot) Civilization 6 - die 5 besten Tipps für den Sieg. Überlegen Sie sich zu Beginn, welche Strategie Sie verfolgen möchten und wählen Sie die entsprechenden Technologien bzw. Kultur-Erweiterungen. Je schneller Sie einen bestimmten Weg einschlagen, desto größer ist Ihr Vorsprung im Endgame. Bereiten Sie sich auf die alternativen Siegeswege der. Civilization VI has a ton of content between the base game, its expansions, and the upcoming DLC. Here are our top Civ VI tips for making it to the end game Civilization 6 Guide: How to Get Started. Whether you're completely new to the series or just a little bit rusty, here's how to hit the ground running and build a new empire in Sid Meier's. Ultimate Guide To Religion In Civilization VI. Thread starter Balaam; Start date Nov 9, 2016; Tags tutorial; Now with Civilization 6, religion plays a much more important role and it is possible for you to actually achieve a religious victory over the other civilizations you'll be coming up against. This victory can be achieved by having every civilization following your religion as the.
Civ 6 religious victory guide Madoc. Posted on 2019-12-13. Civilization VI Victory Conditions Guide Science. Civilization 6 Rise and Fall Governors Guide Best. This guide provides step to unlock or achieving all victory in Civilization Civilization VI - All Victory Religious victory to your civilization How to achieve Civ 6вЂ™s new religious victory, need our Civ VI guide, is not going. Thanks to the popular Switch port, gamers are finding Civilization 6 to be a phenomenal game with a lot of complexity and depth on even the standard difficulty settings. This is what makes Deity difficulty such a herculean feat if you're unprepared for it. The AI is smarter, faster, and comes with bonuses that give it an edge over your empire Going from Civ 4 to Civ 5 was probably the biggest step out of the comfy, immortal dictator shoes Sid Meier's flagship series had ever taken, but Civ 5 to Civ 6 is an even more significant. Eine Religion kann man mit Hilfe eines Großen Propheten in einer beliebigen Stadt gründen, wodurch diese zur Heiligen Stadt wird. Hierbei muss man ein Symbol wählen und kann den Namen der Religion einmalig nach Belieben ändern. Mit Gründung der Religion wählt man einen noch verfügbaren Gründer-Glaubenssatz und einen Anhänger-Glaubensatz, sowie als Byzanz den Bonus-Glaubenssatz
Civ 6 would not be civilization if the approach of the cultures were not completely different. The Spaniards receive military advantages and the Indians are satisfied as long as faith is spread. Through religion and faith, you gain special units that can even fight with lightning and can convert other civilizations Civilization VI DLC Guide By T.J. Hafer 12 May 2020 0. The Civilization series has never reached Paradox-levels of DLC's, but even Civilization VI now has enough variety and options for people to consider. We're now at two major expansions (which was all its predecessor Civ 5 got) and the recently announced New Frontier Pass will be releasing six smaller DLCs between May 2020 and May 2021. Im Grunde dreht sich in Civilization 6: Rise and Fall so ziemlich alles um das Thema Loyalität. Zwar stehen weitere Neuerungen auf der Liste der Features, aber das sind im Wesentlichen nur. Beginner's Guide to Civilization 6. The Civilization series has provided me with countless hours of turn-based strategy pleasure. With every new edition to the series, though, the game changes in fundamental ways that can take time to adapt to. If you're just getting started and having trouble figuring out a strategy, this guide to Civilization 6 should be a good starting point. I'll.
Civ VI Loyalty Guide . Civ 6 Loyalty guide. Tags: civ 6 loyalty; civ 6 loyalty guide; civ vi loyalty; nada; Overview; Reviews (3) Discussion; Civ VI Loyalty Guide (GS) Last updated 5th Feb 2019 - GS is not out yet and there are bound to be additional changes found. Loyalty Basics Loyalty occurs at the city level only. Loyalty based on your population both within a city and nearby account for a. Civilization 5 Einsteiger-Guide: Bevor es losgeht, Die ersten Schritte, Wie funktioniert das genau? Die Forschung, Nächster Halt ist die Infrastruktur:, Was dein ist, das ist jetzt mein. Die. Religion is both a victory condition and a general benefit - Just like Culture or Science, Religion can play a role of varying importance in your Civ 6 playthrough, and is by no means only something to think about when going for the Religious Victory. Numerous benefits, from military bonuses to increased Production or Great Person generation, can be extracted from a strong Religion in Civ 6. Every Civilization 6 leader, their unique stuff, and strategies for playing By T.J. Hafer 29 September 2016 The unique units and structures for all of Civ's civs
1. Build up a standing army early. Some of the changes in Civilization 6 are most obvious at the very beginning of the game. What were once called workers in Civilization 5 are now builders in Civ. Civilization 6 (2016) wird 6 Jahre nach Civilization 5 (2010) erscheinen. Daher wird Civilization 7 in 7 Jahren, im Jahr 2023, herauskommen. Meine Logik ist unbestreitbar. Tatsächlich ist seine These durchaus nachvollziehbar. Unklar ist jedoch, ob sich auch Firaxis an diese Logik halten wird. Civilization 7 für PC, Xbox One und PS4 . Mit Civ 6 lieferte Publisher 2K Games das erste Spiel. Guides » Civilization VI - How to Play Mvemba a Nzinga & The Kongo. Civilization VI - How to Play Mvemba a Nzinga & The Kongo. Jun 21, 2017 Mvemba a Nzinga/Kongo get a variety of buffs and nerfs to gameplay. That makes this civ very specialised and particularly adept on maps with significant woods/rainforest, especially on larger map sizes. Other CIV VI Guides: Five Tips for New Players. How.
New districts can be built in a city after every 3 citizens worth of growth, meaning a city with 1-3 citizens can have 1 district, a city with 4-6 citizens can have 2 districts, and so on. In my 2nd game, I was gunning for a cultural victory, but got hasty and built a Campus, Holy Site, and Harbor district very early. Unfortunately, when I reached the tech to build a Theater district, I found. Religion | New in expansion cgk Guide. 0. Post Comment. 0. 0. Next New in expansion Espionage Prev cgk Guide. Basics . The Faith system fills up the gap created by the basic game, in which there was no option like this. Each part of this system requires Faith points. You can obtain them just like Culture - by building new building and (with time) making new geographical and technological. Civ 6 Civets System Achievement in Sid Meier's Civilization VI: Get 5 Civic boosts in 1 turn - worth 30 Gamerscore. Find guides to this achievement here How to Stop Climate Change in Civ 6 Gathering Storm. Civilization 6: Gathering Storm is here, and its most obvious and advertised new feature is the addition of climate change. Depending on how. Civilization 6's Spain Civ Will Make You Want to Take to the Seas Quickly Spain makes it easy to spread your religion across the world. By Chris Pereira on August 23, 2016 at 3:21PM PD
Now, Civilization 6 finally stands above Civ 5 in Steam's player count leaderboard. Rumours suggest that a third expansion is on the way , which is one more than Civilization V ever got. It will once again focus on minor details instead of the global picture, with things like plagues and diseases joining the current loyalty and natural disaster mechanics added in the previous two expansions Civ 6 has finally integrated with the Steam Workshop. While this feature didn't stop users from modding the game (indeed, there were basic Civ 6 mods published within days of release), it has definitely improved mod usage, feedback, and development. I had dabbled with mods before this feature was added, but now I'm able to experiment. It adds both religion an. Tagged: 5, choices, Civ, guide, religion Viewing 1 post (of 1 total) Author Posts March 11, 2019 at 2:27 am #69354 hmzflbqParticipant Download >> Download Civ 5. I don't recommend Civ 6 over 4 (still the pinnacle of the series), but I do recommend it over 5. But I hate 5, and can't stand playing it without mods that rebalance the entire game, so that's not a high bar. Morocco - Civ V Guide . Queen Dido 02/01/18 . 6. 0. Hi there, Civilization Amino! Welcome to the first of what I hope is many guides covering both vanilla and modded Civs in Civilization V. Civilization V is something I've put a ton of hours into, and I feel like I'm knowledgeable enough about the game at this point to know what I'm talking about. We'll start off with Ahmad al-Mansur.
Three of the big ones: Diplomacy: Diplomacy in Civ V and pretty much all other installments of Civ before it was, uh, tiresome. The gist was basically that no matter what you did, the AI ended up hating you. It might be as soon as you met them or. Sid Meier's Civilization V: Brave New World Guides. General FAQs. FAQ/Strategy Guide: 02/09/14 : Zoogz: 1.0: 154K: Sid Meier's Civilization V: Civilization and Scenario Pack - Denmark - The Vikings Guides. In-Depth FAQs. Nation/Leader Guide: 12/23/13: Death_By_Smiley: 4.1: 83K: Sid Meier's Civilization V: Civilization and Scenario Pack - Korea Guides. In-Depth FAQs. Nation/Leader Guide: 12/23. It also follows the Civ V trajectory of not feeling a done deal until it's had two expansions: I don't expect to struggle to remember that Civ 6 exists any more. I don't generally enjoy discussing prices, but I'll note that yes, this is very expensive for an expansion pack - not far off buying a whole new game, which this very much is not, for all its additions
Instant answers to your Civ 6 questions. Type your Civilization 6 related question (i.e. what pantheon gives me growth?) or keywords (i.e. stone circles) below. QUICK GUIDES Religion. Pantheons; Religious Beliefs ; Politics. Governments; Policies; City States; TOOLS Civilization 6 Multiplayer Draft: Sid Meier's Civilization, Civilization, Civ, 2K, Firaxis Games, Take-Two Interactive Software. Civ 6 is a turn-based strategy game developed by Firaxis Games and Aspyr. Presently the Civilization VI: Gathering Storm is released. It has 46 leaders, but you must know the best leaders in Civ6 tier list to achieve dominance victory.. Here, we are providing you with the detailed Civ VI tier list As in Civ V, upon founding a religion you choose a pantheon, and many of these give boosts based on terrain and resources. Later, you're able to define more traits, which allow for production of buildings with various properties, or affect the way your faith changes your cities and units or those of your neighbours. Broadly speaking, religions fall into one of two camps: they're either. Civilization 6 Release Date. All the latest information about Sid Meier's Civilization 6 Release Date for PC and Mac, including the release dates for the previous versions of Civilization and their expansions packs. In this article, you will find all the most recent news on the Release Date for one of the greatest video game series of all time as well as an analysis of the previous release. Civ Selection. Show all civs. Let me choose. Civ Selection × Select All Select None. Save. Civilization 5 AI Biases. This chart is a reference table of computer personality traits in Sid Meier's Civilization V. It includes information from the Gods & Kings and Brave New World expansions as well as all DLC civs. AI Biases range between 2 and 12 and influence the computer player's decisions.
Local Happiness: India's local happiness cap is equal to 2/3 the population rounded up (ex: for city sizes 5 and 6, the cap is 4 happiness), instead of equal to the population for every other civilization (ex: for city sizes 5 and 6, the caps are 5 and 6 happiness respectively).This is not explained anywhere in India's trait description or Civilopedia entry For Sid Meier's Civilization V on the PC, a GameFAQs message board topic titled How can I get my Civ following another Civ's religion? .achssas.or Civilization V is a turn-based strategy game, where each player represents the leader of a certain nation or ethnic group (civilization) and must guide its growth over the course of thousands of years. The game starts with the foundation of a small settlement and ends after achieving one of the victory conditions—or surviving until the number of game turns end, at which point the highest.
Instant answers to your Civ 6 questions. Religious Beliefs. Founder Beliefs. Church Property +2 Gold for each city following this Religion. Lay Ministry Each Holy Site or Theater Square district in a city following this Religion provides +1 Faith or +1 Culture respectively. Papal Primacy Type bonuses from City-States following your Religion 50% more powerful. Pilgrimage +2 Faith for every city. As in the real world, religion can be one of the most uniting or dividing things in CIV. While gifts or insults have only minor benefit on relations (+/-1, rarely more than +/-2; religion can have a huge impact on relations — seeing +/-4, +/-6 from religion are common. Religion is by far the biggest factor in relations in most games. It seems. 6. Guide to Python in Civ IV: Civ Function Assignment Merely checking values is only part of modding - programmers are also able to change certain values in Civ IV (though not as many as I'd like). There are a great many functions in a variety of classes that allow you to change things about the game, but I will only cover a few here. Later I will make a massive catalogue of the most useful. Civ 6 how to win. Civilization 6 guide, tips and tricks - how to lead your civilization to glory • honeycuttoutdoors.com - Check blood pressure with phon
Sid Meier's Civilization® V is the fifth offering in the multi-award winning Civilization strategy game series featuring the famous just one more turn addictive gameplay that has made it one of the greatest game series of all time . As always, we'll be playing Civ 6 Cree Deity. This is only the 2nd time I've tried the Cree so this is in no way meant to be a Civ 6 Cree Guide by any means Civilization VI has a new expansion, so it's time to try some gameplay and see if it's really a step up from before! [Review copy provided] I pick Scotland and set up a true start real Earth map with just the new civs Gives 6 defensive bonus vs. the normal 5 and costs less. Provides +100 City HP vs. +50. Together with Bowman, this gives Babylon a great early defense. Comments: Babylon is obviously meant to be a scientific civilization in Civ 5, and it provides you the early defense bonuses to handle it as well. It is highly recommended to use that initial. Read the guide. The best introduction to civ5 modding is still the Kael's Guide. However it was written a long time ago and some information is obsolete or missing. Import your files into VFS. The main change since Kael wrote his guide is about the VFS (Virtual File System). Forgetting to import files into the VFS is the common source of problems for beginners. Get the right tools for the job.
Civilization VI offers new ways to interact with your world, expand your empire across the map, advance your culture, and compete against history's greatest leaders to build a civilization that will stand the test of time. Play as one of 20 historical leaders including Roosevelt (America) and Victoria (England)